Some Berries seen on our Fall hike to Kane Lake

These are all conspicuous berries we saw on our fall hike in the Pioneer Range.  Some are edible, some not so edible.

These are gooseberries, which are the same genus (Ribes) as currants.  If the plants have spines they are gooseberries, if not they are currants.  These are tart berries, getting a little sweeter as they get very ripe.  They are wonderful to munch on, and the spines look a lot worse than they are.

 This is Twinberry, Lanicera involurata, which is related to honeysuckle.  The berries are edible but taste bitter.

This is Twinberry, Lanicera involurata, which is related to honeysuckle.  The berries are edible but taste bitter.

 This is another gooseberry, also called Bristly Black Currant.  These are very good.

This is another gooseberry, also called Bristly Black Currant.  These are very good.

The fourth conspicuous berry we saw on this trip was soapberry, Sheperdia canadensis.  These berries have a bitter taste, but get better as they get ripe and after a few frosts.  They can be used to make pemmican. When whipped with a whisk they form a foam called Indian Ice Cream, which is much improved by adding sugar.

 Above, Rubus idaeus, raspberry, edible and tasty

Above, Rubus idaeus, raspberry, edible and tasty

 Elderberry,genus Sambucus, andthe seeds contain hydrocyanic acid, and cause diarrhea and nausea if eaten in quantity.

Elderberry,genus Sambucus, andthe seeds contain hydrocyanic acid, and cause diarrhea and nausea if eaten in quantity.

 I think this is Baneberry, Actaea rubra, and the berries are poisonous.

I think this is Baneberry, Actaea rubra, and the berries are poisonous.